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Asthma

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a life-long inflammatory disease that can make it hard for you to get air in and out of your lungs. An asthma attack can occur when you are exposed to things in the environment, such as pets, dust mites and tobacco smoke. These are called asthma triggers. Your asthma triggers make the air tubes in your lungs get smaller. These are the tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs.

Here is what happens:

  • Small breathing tubes in your lungs swell and make extra mucus.
  • Muscles around the small breathing tubes get tight and make them smaller.
  • Smaller breathing tubes then get clogged with the extra mucus.
  • Swelling, muscle tightness, and mucus make it harder for you to breathe. You start to cough and wheeze and your chest feels tight.

Facts about asthma:

According to the latest information available from the American Lung Association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:

  • More than 23 million people in the United States are diagnosed with asthma.
  • 7.1 million children in the United States have asthma.
  • Asthma is the most common chronic condition among children in the United States.
  • Asthma accounts for 13 million absences from school each year.
  • Is the third leading cause of hospitalization among children under the age of 15 6
  • The annual health care costs of asthma is approximately $20.7 billion dollars
  • Treatments cannot cure asthma, but it can help keep it under control.
  • Currently there is no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled and managed with proper use of medication and minimizing triggers.

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